fbpx

9: Isimangaliso

“Futhi bekungeke kwenzeke ukuthi le Quran ikhiqizwe omunye ngaphandle kuka-Allah, kepha iyisiqinisekiso sesambulo esenziwe ngaphambi kwayo kanye nencazelo eningiliziwe yeNcwadi (umbhalo wangaphambili), ngaphandle kokungabaza ukuthi (isambulo) esivela iNkosi yemihlaba (yonke i-Universe). ”

Quran, 10:37

Isimangaliso sikaNkulunkulu kuMuhammad

Izazi eziningi zikholelwa ukuthi ukuthunywa kukaMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) ukuhambisa uMlayezo kaNkulunkulu nokuletha abantu enkolweni munye kwakunzima ukwedlula ukuthunywa kwezithunywa nabaprofethi abaningi ababengaphambi kwakhe. Isimangaliso esikhulu asilethile yiQuran, okwakuyincwadi eyashiwo ngesi-Arabhu sokuqala njengesambulo saphezulu esivela kuNkulunkulu. 

yize noma athola ukuphikiswa kubantu bakubo ababekhuluma isi-Arabhu, yena nabangane bakhe badlulisela ubuSulumane ezizweni nasemiphakathini yezilimi ezahlukahlukene, amasiko nezinkolo ezingaphandle kweNhlonhlo yase-Arabia.

“Ngeke bacabangisise ngeQur’an? Ukube beluvela komunye ngaphandle kukaAllah bebezothola kuyo ukungahambisani (okungaguquki).”

Quran, 4:82

Kungani iQuran ithathwa njengesimangaliso saphakade?

Akekho umlobi ongumuntu weQuran. AmaSulumane awuthatha njengamazwi kaNkulunkulu noMlayezo waKhe waphakade kuso sonke isintu. Bakholelwa ukuthi ukuphela kwencwadi equkethe amaZwi kaNkulunkulu ngaphandle kokubekwa kabusha yisithunywa saKhe noma omunye umuntu. 

Ngokungafani nezimangaliso ezibonakalayo ezalethwa ngabaprofethi beqiniso nezithunywa futhi zabonwa kuphela ngabantu ababephila ngezikhathi zabo, iQuran ibhekwa ngamaSulumane njengesimangaliso saphakade esingathintwa, sibonwe, sifundwe futhi sidluliselwe kusuka kwesinye isizukulwane kuya kwesinye.

Lokhu kuyingxenye yevesi eQuran. UNkulunkulu uthi kubantu baKhe: “Ngibize, ngizokuphendula.” V 60, Ch 40 (Umthetheleli)

Yithi (Muhammad): “Ukube bonke abantu kanye namaJinni bebengabuthana ndawonye ukuze benze okufana nale Quran bebengeke baveze efana nayo noma bebesekelana ngosizo nangokuvumelana.”

Quran, 17:88

Ukulondolozwa okungenakuqhathaniswa kombhalo we-Quran

I-Quran elikhona manje ifana naleyo eyembulelwa uMprofethi Muhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) eminyakeni engaphezu kwamakhulu ayishumi nane edlule. Ekuqaleni, lalibanjwa ngekhanda ngamaSulumane amaningi angcwele (igama nezwi nencwadi ngencwadi).

Kwathi-ke, ngemuva nje kokudlula emhlabeni kukaMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye), iQuran eliphelele yahlanganiswa okokuqala encwadini eyodwa lapho u-Abu Bakr As-Siddiq eba i_khalifa(umholi) yokuqala e-Islam. Kwenziwa amakhophi amaningi angempela asatshalaliswa ezifundazweni noma ezifundeni ezahlukahlukene zamaSulumane lapho u-Othman Bin Affan eba yi-khalifa(umholi) yesithathu eminyakeni eyi-13 ngemuva kokudlula emhlabeni kuka-Prophet Muhammad(ukuthula makube kuye).

Umqondo wokuphindaphinda "i-Tawaator" iqinisekisa ubuqiniso obuphelele beQuran ngoba ikhombisa ukuthi umbhalo ofanayo walandiswa ngamaqembu ahlukene abantu futhi wedluliswa kwesinye isizukulwane kuya kwesinye ngaphandle kokuphikisana noma ukungezwani noma ukungaqhubeki.

IQuran, Hadith kanye neSunnah yoMprofethi

Kufanele kwaziwe ukuthi amazwi nezimfundiso zikaMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) azizange zixutshwe neQuran (equkethe amazwi kaNkulunkulu kuphela ngaphandle kokuphawula komuntu noma incazelo).

Amazwi nezimfundiso zikaMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) zaqoqwa ezincwadini ezazibizwa ngokuthi "ISunnah noma iHadith yomprofethi". Babandakanya izimfundiso zakhe, indlela yakhe yokuphila kanye nokuchazwa kweNcwadi (i-Quran).

Ukufana phakathi kwezincwadi ze-hadith nezinye izincwadi ezingcwele

Izincwadi eziningi ezingcwele zezinkolo ezahlukahlukene zibhalwa futhi zabhalwa ngabantu ngabanye ngamagama abo nemishwana. Njengoba izincwadi zeHadith zaziqoqwe yizazi ezingamaSulumane futhi zaziqukethe amazwi nezimfundiso zikaMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye), abacwaningi abaningi bazithatha njengezifana nezinye izincwadi ezingcwele. 

Isibonelo, iBhayibheli labhalwa enkathini eyiminyaka eyi-1400 kuya kweyi-1800 ngababhali abahlukene abangama-40. Ukuhlanganiswa kwezincwadi ezihlukene ezingama-66, kwehlukaniswe izigaba ezimbili eziyinhloko: iTestamente Elidala (eliqukethe izincwadi ezingama-39) neTestamente Elisha (eliqukethe izincwadi ezingama-27). (1)

Kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi ukubhekisela kukaNkulunkulu kuYe ngokuthi "Thina" emavesini amaningi eQuran kuqondwa ngempela ngolimi lwesi-Arabhu ukuze kufanekise ubukhulu namandla. Olimini lwesiNgisi lokhu kwaziwa ngokuthi yiRoyal We, lapho kusetshenziswa isabizwana sobuningi ukubhekisela kumuntu oyedwa. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, i-Qur'an ivame ukusebenzisa igama elithi "isho" elisho ukuthi "Yisho kubo O Muhammad."

Ukulondolozwa okungenakuqhathaniswa kwesitayela sokuphindaphinda i-Quran

Uma iQuran ifundwa , igama elithi "Tajweed" livame ukushiwo noma liqokonyiswe ukuchaza ulwazi oluphathelene nemithetho elawula indlela yokufunda iQuran.

AmaSulumane athemba ukuthi akuwona umbhalo weQuran kuphela owawugcinwe ngokukhethekile kepha futhi nezitayela uMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) nabangane bakhe ababezifunda ngazo.

Izitayela zokufunda iQuran zibhalwe ngamagama abantu ababelandisa nabaziphindayo kusukela kulabo abezwa kusukela kuMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) kuze kube manje. Lokhu kuphakathi kwezwe lonke lamaSulumane futhi kwaqhubeka kusuka kwesinye isizukulwane kuya kwesinye isizukulwane kuze kube manje.

Kukholakala ukuthi "iTajweed" yisayensi eyingqayizivele kakhulu engatholakali kwezinye izinkolo. Kubonisa ukunakwa okuphezulu kakhulu okunikezwe ngabangane bakaMuhammad ukuze kugcinwe indlela ayefunda ngayo iQuran (igama nezwi).

Ulimi olucebile

I-Quran yembulwe ngesi-Arabhu sokuqala. Izazi ezingamaSulumane zikholelwa ukuthi ulimi lwesi-Arabhu luphakeme kunezinye izilimi eziningi njengoba lusekelwa kahle ngamagama amaningi kanye nohlelo lolimi oluqinile lwesi-Arabhu.

Ulimi lwesi-Arabhu lunezinhlamvu ezingama-28, ezinye zazo azikho kwezinye izilimi ezinjenge- “Dhad” eyi- “D” esindayo ne- “Tau” eyi- “T” esindayo.

Inani lokutholakele elivela egameni ngalinye loqobo noma impande lingadlula okuphuma kwikhulu futhi ngokufanele inani eliphelele lamagama ngolimi lwesi-Arabhu lingeqa amagama ayizigidi eziyisithupha. Lokhu kuphakeme kakhulu kunenani lamagama ezilimi ezaziwa kakhulu emhlabeni.

Amaqiniso Abalulekile Esayensi Ku-Quran

Ukuqhuma okukhulu nokudalwa kwendawo yonke

Ngesikhathi sikaMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) akekho owayazi lutho ngokwakhiwa kwendawo yonke nangokuhamba kwamaplanethi nokuthi umhlaba wawuyisicaba noma uyindilinga. AmaSulumane akholelwa ukuthi uNkulunkulu, uMdali wendawo yonke, Nguye kuphela, Owaziyo ukuthi wadalwa kanjani.

Eminyakeni eyikhulu nane edlule, iQuran yakhuluma ngokudalwa kwendawo yonke, ukuhamba kwelanga nenyanga, ukujikeleza komhlaba nokwakhiwa kwemini nobusuku. 

Isayensi yanamuhla ichaza ukudalwa kwendawo yonke yi "Big Bang theory" esekelwa yimininingwane yokuhlolwa eqoqwe amashumi eminyaka. Ngokwe- "Big Bang theory" indawo yonke ekuqaleni yayiyisisindo esisodwa esikhulu lapho-ke kwaba nokuqhuma okukhulu okwaholela ekwakhiweni kwemithala emafwini ahlangene ezinto zasezulwini ngentuthu noma ngegesi.

Ukwanda kwendawo yonke

Ngo-1925, isazi sezinkanyezi saseMelika u-Edwin Hubble wanikeza ubufakazi bokubheka ukuthi izinkanyezi ziyaqhelana okusho ukuthi imithala nomhlaba wonke kuyanda. Futhi, kuliqiniso elingokwesayensi eliqinisekisiwe ukuthi amaplanethi ahamba emzileni oyindilinga azungeze ilanga futhi azungeze izimbazo zawo. 

Umuntu uzomangala ngokufana okukhona phakathi kwezinto ezitholwe yisayensi yesimanje kanye namavesi alandelayo eQuran, ashiwo nguMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) eminyakeni engamakhulu ayishumi nane edlule futhi alondolozwa kuze kube manje. 

“kungabe laba abangangakholwa babengazi yini ukuthi izulu nomhlaba kwahlanganiswa kwaba yisiqephu esisodwa futhi Sakuhlukanisa futhi Senza konke okuphilayo ngamanzi na?kungabe bazokukholwa na? 

Quran, 21:30

(uNkulunkulu uSomandla) waphendukela ezulwini lapho liwumusi wathi kulo nasemhlabeni: “Hlanganani ngokuthanda noma ngokungafuni, bathi: “Sihlangana ngokulalela nangokuthanda”. 

Quran, 41:11

“Futhi nguYe owadala ubusuku nemini, nelanga nenyanga. Zonke (izindikimba zasezulwini) zibhukuda eduze (zintanta), ngayinye emzileni wayo oyindilinga (umzila).” 

Quran, 21:33

“Ngamandla nangekhono Sadala izulu futhi Siqhubeka nokulengeza.”

Quran, 51:47

I-Embryology kanye nokudalwa kwesintu

UMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) washo ivesi elilandelayo eliyisimangaliso elichaza ukudalwa kwesintu.

Ulwazi olunjalo lwalungaziwa ngesikhathi sakhe futhi isayensi ye-embryology yayingakatholakali eminyakeni engu-1400 edlule.

“…Unidala ezibelethweni zonyoko, indalo emva kwendalo, emasondweni amathathu obumnyama (ubumnyama obuphindwe kathathu). Lo nguAllah, iNkosi yenu. Ubukhosi bungobaKhe. Akekho uNkulunkulu ngaphandle Kwakhe. Pho ujikiswe kanjani na?”

Quran, 39:6

Isayensi yanamuhla ichaza ukuthi kunezingqimba ezintathu ezenza imigubuzelo yobumnyama ezungeze umbungu esibelethweni futhi inikeze isivikelo esiqinile nesinamandla sombungu:

  1. Udonga lwangaphakathi lwesisu sikamama,
  2. Udonga lwesibeletho kanye
  3. I-membrane ye-amino-chorionic. 

Ukudalwa kwesintu kuchazwe ngokuyisimangaliso evesini elilandelayo leQuran:

“Impela Sadala umuntu ngobumba (ubuncane bomkhiqizo womhlaba omanzi), Sabe sesimbeka njengeconsi (lesidoda) endaweni ephephile; Sase Senza isidoda saba yihlule legazi elijiyile (eliqinile), ngaleyo ndlela kulelo hlule Senza iqatha lengane, bese Senza ngaleso sigaxa amathambo, bese sembesa amathambo ngenyama, sase siveza enye indalo.” 

Quran, 23:12-14


isidoda ->


ihlule legazi ->


isigaxa se-fetus ->


amathambo ->


inyama

Ngokumangazayo, ukukhula kombungu njengoba kushiwo kwiQuran kwatholakala kufana nokutholwe yisayensi yezokwelapha. Futhi, kwatholakala ukuthi amathambo akhiwa ngaphambi kokwakhiwa kwenyama, njengoba kushiwo evesini elingenhla. (2) 

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ososayensi bathola ukuthi inzwa yokuzwa kombungu ikhula esibelethweni somama ngaphambi kokubona. Lokhu kuyahambisana nokulandelana okukhulunywe ngakho eQuran (32: 9, 76: 2, 23:78). Onke amavesi abhekisa kumuzwa wokuzwa ngaphambi komqondo wokubona.

 

"... Ngakho-ke makabusiswe uAllah Ongcono kunabo bonke Abadali." 

Quran, 23:14

309, Ukubala kweminyaka emangalisayo

Ivesi 25, Isahluko 18 (Umhume) eQuran ukhuluma ngo abalalayo abayisikhombisa futhi uthi bachitha iminyaka engu-300 emhumeni kanye “neminyaka engu-9” eyengeziwe. Akekho owayazi ngesikhathi sikaMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye) ukuthi kungani leli vesi lingazange lisho inani eliphelele ngokuthi “iminyaka engama-309” esikhundleni senkulumo engenhla.

Futhi, e-Arabia, akekho owayazi ngaleso sikhathi umehluko phakathi konyaka wenyanga kanye nekhalenda yeSolar / Gregorian. Unyaka weLunar mfishane ngezinsuku eziyi-11 kunonyaka weSolar. Iqiniso elimangalisayo yileli: Eminyakeni engu-300, umehluko phakathi konyaka wenyanga kanye nonyaka weSolar/Gregorian yiminyaka eyi-9.

I-Quran ivame ukunyatheliswa emakhasini angama-604. Iqukethe amagama angama-80,000 cishe akha amavesi angama-6348 aqukethe izahluko eziyi-114. Isahluko eside kunazo zonke eQuran sakhiwe ngamavesi angama-286 kanti esifushane kunazo zonke sakhiwa ngamavesi ama-3 kuphela.

Ulwazi olumangalisayo lwezenzakalo zesikhathi esizayo

“AmaRoma anqotshiwe ezweni eliseduze / eliphansi kakhulu kodwa azothola ukunqoba eminyakeni embalwa. U-Allah unoMyalo esimweni sangaphambili nangesikhathi sakamuva nangalolo suku abakholwa (kuNkulunkulu) bayojabula futhi bazokuthokozela ukunqoba kukaNkulunkulu. Usiza ekunqobeni lowo Amthandayo. UnguMninimandla Onke Onomusa ”.

IQuran, 30: 2-5

Ngesikhathi sikaMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye), cishe akunakwenzeka ukuthi ama-Arabhu abikezele ukuthi ukukhula kwengxabano kungaba kanjani phakathi kwemibuso emibili (ngesikhathi sayo) eminyakeni eyishumi ezayo nokuthi umbuso owehluliwe ungakubuyisa yini ukunqoba eminyakeni embalwa. Kuliqiniso elingokomlando ukuthi uMbuso WasePheresiya wehlula uMbuso WaseRoma esikhathini (614-619 CE) esifundeni sasePalestine futhi wathumba iJerusalema. Kodwa kungakapheli neminyaka embalwa, amaRoma ayesebuyise ukunqoba amaPheresiya eNineve (idolobha lase-Iraq).

I-geography emangalisayo

Ngokumangazayo, ucwaningo lwakamuva lwe-geological lwathola ukuthi uLwandle Olufile olusegodini lomfula iJordani yilona echibi elijule kakhulu le-saline emhlabeni. Ingamamitha angama-422 (1,385 ft) ngaphansi kogu lolwandle. Ogwini lwalo indawo ephansi kunazo zonke ebusweni bomhlaba. Amavesi angenhla akhombisa ukuthi amaRoma ahlulwa endaweni eseduze yamaRoma e-Arabia futhi empeleni yayihlanganisa nomhlaba ophansi kakhulu emhlabeni.

Qaphela: Igama lokuqala lesi-Arabhu elithi "adna" (ivesi 3 ngenhla) libonisa zombili izincazelo, eseduze nephansi kakhulu.

Umgoqo phakathi kwamanzi

Isayensi yesimanje muva nje ikwazile ukuchaza ukuthi kungani amanzi ezilwandle ezimbili engahlangani kodwa kunalokho kunendawo ebonakalayo yamanzi, umgoqo, phakathi kwezilwandle ezivimbela ukuba zihlangane ndawonye. Ososayensi bathole ukuthi izilwandle azikwazi ukuhlangana ngenxa yokuthi amanzi azo anamazinga okushisa ahlukene, usawoti kanye nokuminyana. Ngokulandisa komprofethi uMuhammad(ukuthula makube kuye), akakaze aye ezindaweni lapho ayengabona khona indawo yokuhlangana yezilwandle ezimbili kodwa kuchazwe ngendlela emangalisayo eQuran:

“Wazikhulula izilwandle ezimbili, zahlangana (eceleni); phakathi kwabo kukhona umgoqo (ngakho-ke) akekho oweqa umthetho.”

I-Quran, 55:19-20

Amanothi Okugcina

  1. ITestamente Elidala labhalwa ngesiHeberu 1500-400 BC. ITestamente Elisha laqanjwa ngesiGreki futhi labhalwa phakathi nengxenye yesibili yekhulu lokuqala AD. Kuvunywa ngokujwayelekile ukuthi iNcwadi kaMathewu kwakuyiVangeli lokuqala elabhalwa phakathi kuka-50 no-75 AD. KumaVangeli amane, elikaJohane kuthathwa njengelokugcina elabhalwa, cishe ngonyaka wama-85 AD. 
  2. Ukuze uthole ulwazi olwengeziwe mayelana ne-embryology namaqiniso esayensi ku-Quran, vakashela www.islamhouse.com